Spider-Man. Batman. The X-Men. The Fantastic Four. Comic books and the characters they have spawned have become twenty-first-century mythology. Greg Garrett helps us see the profound depth that can be found in the glossy, fast-paced, and often violent world of comics, graphic novels, and the films they inspire. The book features extensive discussions of Spider-Man, the Fantastic Four, and the X-Men. It includes an appendix with descriptions of twenty-five comics and graphic novels Garrett recommends for discussion of spirituality and comics.Publishers Description
Spider-Man. Batman. The X-Men. The Fantastic Four. Comic books and the characters they have spawned have become twenty-first-century mythology. Greg Garrett helps us see the profound depth that can be found in the glossy, fast-paced, and often violent world of comics, graphic novels, and the films they inspire. "Holy Superheroes " provides extensive discussions of some of our most beloved comic heroes and concludes with an appendix of twenty-five comics and graphic novels for discussion of spirituality and comics.
Est. Packaging Dimensions: Length: 8.52" Width: 5.76" Height: 0.42"
Weight: 0.45 lbs.
Release Date Feb 1, 2008
Publisher PRESBYTERIAN PUBLISHING #86
Availability 94 units.
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|Big Heroes in Tight Spaces Feb 14, 2009|
There are three reasons why modern audiences make superhero films into blockbuster box office successes, claims Baylor University English Professor and The Gospel According to Hollywood writer Greg Garrett: The genre delivers much-needed heroes, much-needed hope, and, in spite of the mind-blowing special effects, much-needed shows of restraint. The late-twentieth and early-twenty-first century has placed these qualities at a premium during a time when the specters of apocalypticism, apathy, and addiction have loom heavily over the American consciousness. Some turn to communities of faith at these times, and some turn to worlds of stories; Garrett aims to display their easy overlap. Moreover, as it has in many other times of national malaise, mainstream entertainment again shoulders the additional responsibility of not just providing its viewers with escapism but also with inspiration.
The corollary of comic book legend Stan Lee's famous phrase is pertinent here: With great responsibility came great power. The superhero industry currently exhibits incredible muscle across America. Yet even before Christopher Reeves' 1978 Superman became both a cinematic icon and industry smash, the influence of superheroes was already reflecting and steering American moralities. Garrett's earlier edition of Holy Superheroes!, published in 2005, centered more on the stapled exploits of these fantastic characters than the celluloid. With the continuing Hollywood boom of spandex crusaders since that time, a new publisher and a further examples could take Garrett's message further. Spirituality, humanity, and belief are vital to our existences, and they can be found among the congregation or within the comics - just so long as they are, indeed, found.
This new edition begins with Garrett welcoming all to his scholarly fascination and life-long appreciation of the superhero. The enthusiasm in his authorial voice remains constant even as he shifts to the most pertinent matter at hand: Why religion and comics? Because, he suggests, they are already interacting, engaged in a discussion that began as far back as Superman's arrival in 1938. A speedy recount of the medium's humble origins move the discussion rapidly to the concept of heroism. For this, he leans on John Shelton Lawrence and Robert Jewett's Myth of the American Superhero and "its ongoing retelling of the Judeo-Christian story of redemption" as the foundation for the comic book and film genre's spiritual roots (7). He widens and further emphasizes this association with an outline of Joseph Campbell's global monomyth as presented in comics' natural, serial format. The superheroes' call to action seems a never-ending battle, unlikely to result in a return home or the permanence of death so long as new issues are needed on the store shelf or additional sequels fill the theaters. The superhero is always redeeming.
This brand of hero is ever-sacrificing, too, as Garrett continues with the examples of Spider-Man, Captain America, and Batman. As figures of human perfection (and even super-human ability), they have power that could be easily abused, perhaps all the more tempting due to the losses each has suffered in his past. Instead, though, they follow the dictates of the book of Micah, explains Garrett, and the principles of Catholic writer Thomas Merton: one should use their gifts to attain balance, not domination. During the genre's earliest years, this was as simple as maintaining the status quo and thwarting the obviously bad guys. Eventually, though, matters grayed, and superheroes had to evolve, looking past the direct Akedah-like trust in authority to a New Testament acceptance of sinners and defiance of sin.
The spandex vigilante became answerable to himself and, in effect, to each other. Each, suggests Garrett's subsequent chapters, has as much a Beast within him that must be tamed as a villain to defeat. Modern characters like the X-Men's popular Wolverine or Punisher serve as easy daimonic examples, while their prototype, Batman, remains the exemplar. Garrett references the Dark Knight Detective's own time of crisis, when his ally, the Green Lantern, succumbed to a personal darkness and became the villainous Parallax. Particularly fitting for an era of defrocked priests and suicide bombers, it is a loss of faith in an ally that unsettles the hero. Only Green Lantern's second transformation, from Parallax into the avenging Spectre, restores Batman's spirit:
"You were the best, the brightest, among us. When you fell - it...rattled me. [...] But I see now - that one of the reasons you were reborn as the Spectre - was to give us all hope." (82)
The Spectre, God's authorized spirit of vengeance, sharpens this manner of scene from a generic Campbellian monomyth to much more of a Christ-like descent into Hell before the resurrection. And, closer to Garrett's point, it echoes the devotion we can find in each other, no matter how apparently lost, maintaining faith in a Grand Plan.
The final portion of the book highlights the apocalyptic anxiety underscoring the genre, implicitly calling readers to maintain their principles and even to transcend fatalism. Sounding like A Sense of an Ending's Frank Kermode, Garrett explains, "The end of the world is everywhere in superhero comics, because the end of the world is everywhere. Our fear of the end - and our hope - is part of the food we eat, the air we breathe" (84-85). He finds an admirable quality in Watchmen's masked sociopath Rorscharch who will never compromise in his ethics, even at the possible end of the world. "There is good and there is evil, and evil must be punished. Even in the face of Armageddon I shall not compromise in this" (89).
More impressive is Kingdom Come, where disaster is still met with outright faith in a reunification. This message operates as the underpinning to many post-September 11th works. America can come together again if, instead of violence, restraint akin to that shown by Jesus on the cross is exercised. "Superhuman restraint," Garrett calls it (113), demonstrated as much by the Man of Steel or the energy-blasting X-Man Cyclops as by a kosher family or a celibate clergyman. A new Akedah, a binding of one's force rather than one's culpability, is employed. These comics and movies are not, ultimately, about shows of power; they are about minimal shows of power. Besides the obvious special effects of these films, "We go because we believe - in some way we may not even consciously acknowledge - in the moral and dramatic fitness of the stories" (116), the shared mission "to diminish the suffering and injustice we see all around us" (119).
Garrett's general point is vigorous and passionate, yet in that fervor, it becomes unfocused. I wonder how much of the Akedah metaphor he employs informs the creation of the book, especially this revision. This revised edition of Holy Superheroes! reads as even more bound to a demographic and corpus of works than necessarily to its topic. Graphic novels - usually non-serial and conclusive by their end - offer a wealth of publications with overt religious content (e.g. MAUS, Persepolis, Blankets, Chosen, King David, Marked!, etc.). However, only those superheroes with direct ties to cinema are featured and stretched to fit Garrett's concerns. While several non-superhero titles are slipped in (e.g. Road to Perdition, From Hell), this again is due to their big screen treatments. If released from this movie confinement, I feel that Garrett's argument would gain greater traction.
Of course, revising his book to target a film-going audience opens it to a larger readership, and exorcizing motion pictures from the discussion would not release the book from its minor quirks. One group not welcomed as warmly as others are academes themselves; after all, this "isn't a scholarly tome you'd need to be Lex Luthor of Dr. Strange to decipher" (ix), where intellect is curiously villainous. Garrett is not shy from evoking big thinkers, but, perhaps again in the name of marketability, he does avoid a number of theological tangles. The closest he gets to the issue of divinity is a comparison, aptly, of Superman being both alien and American to the determination of Jesus' duality at the Council of Nicea. Otherwise, most anything of potential offense to a Judeo-Christian readership is evaded - whereas the omission of Islam or Hinduism may be the most offensive choice of all, particularly for a revised edition.
I am not suggesting that this is an artificial or manufactured, because Garrett's voice is unavoidable. His affection for Lawrence and Jewett's work overrides some of their finer details, such as the altogether salient observation that, instead of Campbell, the American monomyth originates in a discharge from Eden. Further, they more readily credit extra-national sources for this American envisioning; he reasonably dubs comics, not jazz, the "most American of art forms" (ix), yet leaves the British origin of creators Alan Moore, Grant Morrison, Eddie Campbell, and others conveniently unaddressed. His politics shine brightly in casually demonizing Watchmen's Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon in toto, verbally bleeding for a terrorized Manhattan, and awkwardly likening the X-Men nemesis Magneto, ruler of an island haven for fellow mutants, to Israeli Holocaust survivors. None of these are wrong, per se, but they are strong interpretations that sometimes belie the goal of his otherwise embracing, impassioned book.
|Stimulating and fun Aug 28, 2008|
|As a long-time pop culture geek and a person of faith, I approached this book with some trepidation. Others have tried to find spiritual lessons and insights from comic books, with widely varied--but mostly weak, pedantic, and obvious--results. In Holy Superheroes, Greg Garrison hits it out of the park. It's extremely insightful and engaging. It forced me (gladly and willingly!) to think through the key issues of life, faith, human history, and culture as witnessed by and expressed through comic books. Greg clearly knows his comic books, and his faith, and so reading this fascinating overview of the nexus of those two great worlds was deeply fulfilling.|
|Nice but Shallow Apr 2, 2008|
|Garrett clearly has a love of Superheroes, and an interest in spirituality. He's one of the leading authors in the field right now and has published other books as well as articles for the Society of Biblical Literature. The book provides an entertaining look at spirituality in superhero comic books. Using superhero stories like sermon illustrations and pointing to specific incidents in comic history where faith and religion actually make in onto the pages of popular comic titles, Garrett shows that there is a connection between spirituality and American pop-culture. The disappointing thing about this work is that it fails to give any new or specific insights into either America's cultural religion or into Christian spirituality. As a youth minister, I reccomend this book for Christian teenagers who enjoy comics and superheroes, but for the serious student of the two issues that Garrett examines, you'll need to look elsewhere.|
|"Look, Up in the Sky!" A Great Book for Classes in Congregations Wanting to Explore Our Yearning for Superheroes Feb 25, 2008|
|Don't be put off by the "Revised and Expanded" part of the subtitle. Even if you own a copy of Greg Garrett's earlier version of this book -- this is so different than the earlier text that you shouldn't think twice about ordering the new book.|
If you're new to Greg Garrett's work, you may want to order this book -- and his book, "The Gospel According to Hollywood," as well.
Today, the men and women we are interested in reaching to explore spiritual themes are far more adept at swimming in the seas of popular media than they are in the seas of traditional faith. In this book, Baylor University's Greg Garrett helps us explore our deep fascination with superheroes over the past century of comics, since the creation of Superman in the 1930s.
He has designed this book to be great for discussion groups. The main text is only 120 pages and the dozen chapters are smartly divided around themes likely to spark discussion. Plus, he offers an appendix that recommends "essential" graphic novels and comic collections that anyone seriously attempting to lead a group in this field should explore.
The one problem with picking up a copy of Garrett's book is that it's almost guaranteed to make you want to read more books -- graphic novels. You won't want to read just one.
|With Great Power... Feb 14, 2008|
|This is actually a book I wanted to write, imagine my suprise when I found it already in print. Garrett deals with one of the loves of my life in the Myth found in comics and superhero movies. This book gives those of us that love such a medium a way to relate what we read and watch to the faith. Don't pick it up for any heavy, devotional or theological reading, but it is a fun romp between pop culture and the Faith. Give it a shot if you're a Christian that Loves Superheroes.|
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